World War 2 1939
World War 2 1939
The world was plunged into World War II in 1939 for many reasons. There were reasons such as Japan invading Manchuria, Mussolinis attack on Ethiopia, and when Hitler defies The Versailles Treaty. Appeasement was one of the biggest things that lead to WWII. It basically just postponed the War from happening. The Most effective response to aggression at this time was surely collective security. Using Appeasement got the countries no where and didnt benefit them in the least.
Many things brought the world to the point of another world war. One reason was when Japan invaded Manchuria. Manchuria was an area rich in iron and coal. In 1931, the Japanese army seized Manchuria, despite objections from the Japanese parliament. Engineers and technicians started to come in great numbers and started to build mines and factories. The Japanese attack on Manchuria was the first direct challenge on the League of Nations. When all this happened many league members strongly protested. Japan just ignored these protests and withdrew themselves from the League in 1933. Another reason for WWII was Mussolinis attack on Ethiopia. Ethiopia was one of Africas three independent nations. The Ethiopians had already resisted an attempt at conquest during the 1890s. To get even Mussolini ordered a massive invasion of Ethiopia on October 1935. Ethiopia had to no chance at defending themselves from this attack. One more thing that was a big cause of WWII was when Hitler defied the Versailles Treaty. Hitler for a long time had threatened to undo the Versailles Treaty. Among many things this treaty limited the size of Germanys army. On March 1935, the Futhrer announced that Germany would no longer obey these restrictions. The League only issued a mild condemnation. The leagues failure to stop Germany from making their army bigger convinced Hitler that he should start to make greater risks. The Treaty forbids Germany from entering on either side on the Rhine River; this area is known as Rhineland. On March 7, 1936, German troops moved into Rhineland. (Doc 3) This marked a turning point in the path to war. The French were very surprised that Germany did this but did not want to risk War. The British went into appeasement and just gave the aggressor what it wanted to keep peace.
There were many different options on whether appeasement or collective security was the most effective response to aggression. I think the most effective response is with out a doubt collective security. (Doc 4) In 1938 Britain, France, and Italy met with Hitler to discuss his demand for the Sudetenland. Hitler got what he wanted from this meeting because of appeasement. Europe was happy from this because it avoided war. This did not benefit the Czechs at all though. For some reason Neville Chamberlain favored appeasement. (Doc 5) He thinks appeasement is the best way because he believes war is a “fearful thing.” He thinks that appeasement will benefit Europe. Winston Churchill