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The film вЂ?T-shirt TravelsвЂ™ takes us to the Sub-Saharan African nation of Zambia, a country who in the 1960вЂ™s was know for having a thriving, domestic textile industry. As of late, with the countries immense amount of debt and the constant nagging of their creditors, such as the IMF, ZambiaвЂ™s local economy has deteriorated and the textile industry has vanished. However, there is another issue present that has also contributed to the decline of ZambiaвЂ™s economy: the second-hand clothing industry. All three of these factors; immense debt, hassling creditors, and the second-hand clothing industry, as seen in the film, are contributing to the crash of a once thriving Zambian economy.
Zambia was first noticed by Europeans because it had a vibrant copper industry and a well-off economy. The European powers that controlled Zambia used it for its copper revenue and upon gaining its independence it was thought that Zambia would survive in the changing world. Unfortunately for Zambia, this was not the case. As oil prices started to rise at an exponential rate, the price of copper started to decline in the same way. Zambia wasnвЂ™t making enough money from the copper they were producing and they were spending too much on fuel to help mine the copper. As a last resort to help get them out of debt, the Zambian government turned to a Neoliberalist institution known as the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Being told that copper prices would eventually rise, the Zambian government borrowed money from the IMF to pay off their debt. When the stubborn copper prices refused to rise Zambia was forced to continue to borrow money and thereby put them more and more into debt. This event was the catalyst that ignited the fall of ZambiaвЂ™s economy forever.
Zambia was so deep in debt that all economic activity was at a stand still. The Zambian government was struggling to come up with enough money to set up services in their country such as education and jobs, let alone pay back their creditors. They didnвЂ™t even have enough money to set up their own economic policies. With these circumstances known to the IMF, the Neoliberalist institution was forced to set strict ground rules known as structural adjustment on the Zambian government so they could attempt to repay their debt. These sets of conditions that the Zambian government must abide by include; cuts on government services, lowering the price of currency which makes domestically-produced goods more attractive on the global market and makes foreign goods more expensive, removing subsidies, and selling all assets to private buyers. These are strictly enforced and must be followed at all times.
With structural adjustment breathing down the necks of all Zambians, they were forced to try to come up with and salvage their own source of income. This is where the selling of second-hand clothes comes into play. Since