Participants In Criminal And Civil Courtrooms
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Participants in Criminal and Civil Courtrooms
Type of Participant
Criminal Court
Civil Court
The judge is referred to as “the trier of law” he/she sits as an impartial party whose responsibility is to determine that the trial is conducted in an orderly and lawful manner. The judge resolves any disputes concerning points of law.

The judge may grant a wider latutude to attorneys in their respective representation and defense of clients. The role of the judge is quite similar to that of the criminal counter part. The judge serves as the finial authority.

In this case the judge has the same role. To make sure that the case is going in a smooth manner and that both parties get what they deserve.
Referred to as the “Trier of fact”. Created with the intent to afford the accused a fair and unbiased trail by a jury of peers.
The responsibilites are the same as in the criminal court.
Although in some civil cases no jury is present, but the jury is there for both courts to help determine wether or not the person is guilty or not.
Respresent the citizens of the state or commonwealth.
Defence Attorney
The DA is responsible for representing their clients to the fullest extent of their abilities or capabilities.
The role of the witness is to present first hand knowledge of facts to the jury for consideration.
The responsibilities are the same as in the crinminal court.
The defendant is presumed innocent unitil proven guilty and need not offer testimony in their defense.
The persons or corporate entities that are being accused of the wrong doing or injurious behavior that are referred to in civil cases.
The defendant is always innocent until proven guilty.

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Role Of The Judge And Civil Cases. (July 7, 2021). Retrieved from