Use of Information Technology Within Organizations
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Running Head: Use of Information Technology within Organizations
Use of Information Technology within Organizations
Ruby San Agustin
CIS 570 Information Management in Business
This overview discusses the use of information technology (IT) that team members observed within the various organizations in which they are employed. We will first describe hardware, software, databases, and networks the team members observed. Then, we will recommend improvements to existing systems. We will also evaluate how the changing business environment has affected the decisions team members organizations have made in their use of information technology. Finally. we will compare the various the organizations technological capabilities.
Table below summarizes hardware, software, database, networks and platform ware we observed.
The hardware is the physical component of a computer, which encompasses the digital circuitry. Hardware does not change that often its usually a stable fixture unlike software and data which can be modified to serve the end users needs. Firmware a type of software seldom if ever needs to be changed its stored on the hardware, this item is read-only-memory or (ROM) since it is infrequently changed it is firm instead of soft. Computer hardware is not seen by the end user. It is implanted in systems like automobiles, microwave ovens, compact disc players and other machines and devises.
The classic personal computer has a case or chassis its a desktop or tower shape and includes these parts: Motherboard with space for upgrade cards and these additional parts:
Central processing unit (CPU), Random Access Memory (Ram) for short term data storage and program execution, Basic input / output system (BIOS), Buses: PCI bus, PCI-E or ACP bus, USB, CD, DVD, Floppy disk, Internal storage, This just a mention of a few of the features of course there are many more parts that comprise the hardware.
Software part of the computer structure encompasses the encoded information or computer instruction in contrast to the hardware that is used to store and process information.
Platform software includes the basic input-output system or firmware a graphical user interface which lets a user interact with the computer and its peripherals. Platform software comes with the computer. Applications software are what people think when they think of software, examples are office suite, videos games. Application software runs independently of the computer and is purchased separately in most cases and might be suited for a particular platform.
User written software is modified systems to meet the end users particular needs. Some examples are spreadsheets templates, word processors, scientific simulations, graphics, animation scripts, and brochures templates. Users create the software themselves depending on how good the integration is it could appear to have been purchased.
Database are a collection of data defined as a collection of records or parts of knowledge. There is a structural description of the kind of facts in the database this is called a schema. The schema identifies subjects in the database and their correlation to each other; there are a number of ways to organize a schema. The most frequently used model is the relational model, consisting of rows and columns. The hierarchical and network models use a more explicit illustration of relationships.
Computer networking the scientific, engineering discipline concerned with communications between computers. These networks consist of two computers in separate places at least by a few inches, Bluetooth technology is used, by thousands of miles the information travels via the internet. Computer networking is sometimes looked at as a sub-discipline of telecommunications. Network cards transmit data at high rates through Ethernet cables.
Recommend improvements to existing systems (i.e. your “wish list”) are discussed here. One program that would serve very beneficial for a company such as UNILEVER is the Lean Logistics. Since products manufactured by Unilever is delivered by its chosen carriers, as well as products delivered to Unilever, such as packaging and finished products from other plants are also done by assigned carriers, the best way to dispatch these loads is through the use of the Lean Logistics.
The LeanLogistics On-Demand TMS™ system is a complete, seamless, web-native TMS offering. On-Demand TMS™ effectively blends traditional and collaborative functionality for your maximum economic benefit.
It provides complete daily planning, execution, and settlement functions in addition to the periodic strategic planning (RFP) functions. All functions are integrated, and workflow is managed by the rules you establish to fit your way-of-working.
Procurement: On-Demand TMS™ provides you with the ability to solicit and contract carrier capacity. The functionality allows you to source new carrier capacity or re-examine existing contracts — periodically testing costs and capacities with your defined core carrier community.
Planning: On-Demand TMS™ provides complete capabilities that allow you to optimize your daily transportation plans. Optimization includes Consolidation — order aggregation, both inbound and outbound. It includes proper