Ibm in Estonia
Ibm in Estonia
Executive Summary:
IBM, International Business Machine: The Company which became IBM was founded in 1888 as the Tabulating Machine Company by Herman Hollerith, in Broome County, New York. It was incorporated as Computing Tabulating Recording Corporation (CTR) on June 16, 1911, and was listed on the New York Stock Exchange in 1916. (

Estonian Market:
Estonia is a country in Northern Europe in the Baltic region. Estonia regained its freedom in August 1991, from the USSR, with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Estonia is a democratic parliamentary republic. It has been a member of UN (United Nations) since 1991, member of EU (European Union) since May 2004 and of NATO since March 2004 (

Despite their independence from USSR in 1991, Estonia still reflects their past dependency on the old USSR in terms of Information Technology and Electronic networking. Though USSR achieved huge milestones in the field of aerospace but it still lagged in most of the areas of computer science. In the early 90s the Baltic region was equipped with technology that trails the rest of the computer domain by 10years. (Pakstas Algirdas & Pakstiene Sonata, Computer Networks in Estonia, Lativa and Lithuania). But there was software and data base development for the Governmental and private sector. In 1992, the industrial production declined by 30%, real wages fell by 45% and the fuel prices had raised by 10,000%. (

The new government reduced trade and non tariff barriers and abolished all export restrictions, making the nation a free trade zone. Estonian government did not encourage foreign investors by offering any tax exemptions or special rights; in fact they provided a platform to build a business that favours both the local and foreign investments. During the period 1991-1993 a lot of private software and hardware companies established. Network based computer applications such as scientific calculation, office automation and business applications (banking), manufacturing (planning and production control) were all done using IBM 360/370 mainframes which were made mostly in USSR. (Algirdas Pakstas, Norwegian Institute of Technology Sonata Pakstiene, Lithuanian Academy of Sciences; Computer networks in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania; September 1993)

There were a lot of companies getting privatized including new magazine houses, TV channels, private radio and so on, advertising was huge, and it was the birth of advertising age. Since the Estonian government made the Estonian market a free market there were a lot of companies from the West wanting to invest here, such as Microsoft, IBM, Oracle and many more. IBM also faced competition from companies such as hP, international whole sellers like Soft-tronik, Elko and Micro link.

The Company: (IBM)
International Business Machines (IBM) is a multinational computer technology and consulting corporation. They sell computer hardware and software and offer infrastructure service; they are the largest Information technology employer in the world. They have engineers and consultants in over 170 countries and they have 8 research labs world wide. As a chip maker IBM is among the world top 20 semiconductor sales leader. IBM offers its products through global sales and distribution; in addition IBM offers its product through a variety of third party distributor and resellers, as well as through its on-line channels. (


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Pakstas Algirdas And Algirdas Pakstas. (April 2, 2021). Retrieved from