Competition Among the North American Warehouse Clubs: Costco Wholesale Versus Sams Club Versus Bjs Wholesale
Competition among the North American Warehouse Clubs: Costco Wholesale versus Sams Club versus BJs wholesale
1. What is competition like in the North American wholesale club industry? Which of the five competitive forces is strongest and why? Use the information in Figures 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, and 3.8 (and the related chapter discussions on pp. 57-70) to do complete five-forces analysis of competition in the North American wholesale club industry.
Competition is extremely high in the North American wholesale club industry. Every wholesale club wants to sell top-quality merchandise at prices consistently below others in order to draw more customers. And they all want to display low prices on pallets or inexpensive shelving, therefore, they have very low costs for store decor and fixtures, have comparatively low labor costs, and spent minimally on advertising and customer service.
The strongest force the North American wholesale club industry facing is rivalry among competing seller. The rival firms, such as Costco, Sams Club and BJ, are all competing for equivalent customers in the market. Costco and Sams Club have many stores in US and around the world. Although BJ is mainly focus on the eastern seaboard market, it still has some competition from the other two. Costco has high competition with Sams Club, but Costco has a more considerable market share than BJ.
The second is buyers. The wholesale market was a buyers market. Customers always look for better prices and demand in the industry is very high.
The third is supplier. The ability to provide better prices depends on the companys relation with suppliers. Wholesale clubs purchase bulk products to sell at competitive or lower prices to consumers. With the direct factory to store supply chain this decreases costs that can be provided to consumers.
The forth is substitutes. Consumers are also able to purchase equivalent products in Wal-Mart, which provide competition to wholesale stores. Although wholesale clubs buy in bulk in order to provide customers with low prices, Wal-Mart, K-mart and Target brand stores also compete in providing name brands at competitive prices
The fifth is the threat of new entrants. The size of the wholesale club, ranging from 77,000 to 100,000 square feet, is very difficult for any new start-up company. And the price needs lower than regular store.
2. Do all three warehouse club rivals—Costco, Sams, and BJs Wholesale—have highly similar strategies? What differences in their strategies are apparent? Does one rival have a better strategy than the others? Does one rival have a somewhat weaker strategy than the other two?
These three rivals