Edgar Allan Poe
Essay title: Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe
In personal appearance, Poe was a quiet, shy-looking but handsome man; he was slightly built, and was five feet, eight inches in height. His mouth was considered beautiful. His eyes, with long dark lashes, were hazel-gray. Edgar Poe was born in 1809 in Boston. It was in Richmond that Poe grew up, married, and first gained a national literary reputation. Many of the places in Richmond associated with Poe have been lost, but several still remain.

Father: David Poe, an actor
Mother: Elizabeth Poe, an actress
Foster parents: John Allan, Tobacco merchant and his wife,
Frances Allan, cared for Poe while he was young, but never legally adopted him.
Wife: Poe married his cousin Virginia Clemm
Editor and literary critic
Edgar Poe is the second of the three children of David Poe and Elizabeth (Arnold) Poe, both of whom were professional actors and members of a touring theatrical company. Mr. Placide’s Theatre Company in Boston employed Poe’s natural parents, David and Elizabeth Arnold Poe. They had been married in Richmond while on tour in 1806. Edgar Allan Poe was born January 19, 1809 in Boston, Massachusetts, but he considered Richmond his home, and called himself “a Virginian,” where his mother had been employed as an actress. David Poe, unknown due to his more famous wife, his own promising career ruined by alcoholism, Edgar’s father, deserted the family when Edgar was still an infant; nothing conclusive is known of his life thereafter. While appearing professionally in Richmond, Virginia, Poes mother became ill and died on December 8, 1811, in Richmond at the age of twenty-four.

Poes mother, Elizabeth, was buried in the churchyard of St. Johns Episcopal Church where her memorial stone may be seen. St. Johns is the oldest church in Richmond and is famous as the site of Patrick Henrys rousing “liberty or death” oration shortly before the Revolutionary War. The Richmond Theatre where Edgar Poes mother had performed burned to the ground on December 26, 1811, only eighteen days after her death. The fire took the lives of many Richmonders including the Governor of Virginia, George Smith and his wife. At the site of the tragedy on East Broad Street, Monumental Episcopal Church was erected as a memorial to the victims.

Her three children, who would maintain contact with one another throughout their lives, were sent to live with different foster families. Richmond families took in the other two children who were Rosalie, only eleven months old, by William and Jane Scott Mackenzie. Edgar, not quite three, was taken into the family of tobacco-merchants. John Allan was a member of the firm of Ellis and Allan. John Allan, and his wife Frances, had no children of their own.. At this time, Allan and his wife were living in quarters located above the firms offices at Thirteenth and East Main Streets. The following year Edgar was baptized at the Monumental Episcopal Church on January 7, 1812 by the Reverend John Buchanan, with John and Frances Allan as his godparents. Francis and Edgar regularly attended services and maintained pew number 80 in the church. John Allan, raised as a Scotch Presbyterian, may have visited from time to time, if only for maintaining business contacts in the community.

In 1815, business reasons led Allan to move to England for a five-year stay. While in London and back in Richmond after the familys return, Poe was well educated in private academies. John Allan bought the house, Moldavia, in 1825, and Edgar lived there before entering the University of Virginia in 1826. In 1825 at the age of sixteen, Poe became secretly engaged Elmira Royster. The Royster family lived just across the street with their daughter Elmira from Edgar. The engagement, opposed by both families, was eventually broken off. Although Edgar was never formally adopted by the Allans, Poe regarded them, especially Mrs. Allan, as parents. Poe took their surname as his own middle name. All of the Allan homes where Poe grew up have now disappeared; however, a photograph of, his last home in Richmond, does exist.

After returning to Richmond, young Poe registered at the University of Virginia on February 14, 1826. He distinguished himself as a student, but he started drinking. Poe accumulated

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John Allan And Edgar Poe. (April 2, 2021). Retrieved from https://www.freeessays.education/john-allan-and-edgar-poe-essay/