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John Adams (1735-1826) was the second president of the United States from 1797 to 1801. He also led the American Revolution during the same period. In the 1760s, John Adams started challenging Great Britain’s power in the American colonial era. His opinion was the obligation of tariffs and high taxes as an instrument of oppression. Either he did not believe that the England government did not have in mind the interest of colonists. He criticized the 1765 Stamp Act, in which the British imposed a tax on newspapers, playing cards, and legal documents in colonies in North America. He also challenged the Townshend Acts of 1767 that as well imposed tax on items that were imported, such as tea, paper, and glass. Adams wrote a well-known summary of the American Revolution as he neared the end of his life. The Revolution was about the radical change in the opinions, principles, affection, and sentiments of the American people.
Often, Adams is regarded as the most scholarly and powerful thinker of the founding generation. His significant role in the Revolution of America is globally acknowledged. Benjamin Rush would no help thinking that there was a consensus that Adams possessed in that generation, having knowledge for both the prehistoric and modern. He is said to be the most indebted man by the country for the significant contribution to independence. One contemporary called him the atlas of the independence of America.
John Adams beheld the American Revolution from the start to the end. He gave a hand to James Otis in the case of Writs of Assistance in 1761 and also took part in bargaining the peace agreement with Britain in 1783. As a revolutionist, he will always be in the mind of people for his leadership role in the drastic political movement in Boston. He was one of the ancient and most unwavering voices for independence in the Continental Congress. Similarly, being so intelligent, he wrote some of the most significant and persuasive essays, agreements, and structures of the Revolutionary period. John Adams significantly demonstrates the thoughts of the American Revolution.
Adams’ achievements are extraordinary; however, he presented a candid challenge to historians. Since he entered public life, he seemed to challenge what had not been challenged. Americans have hardly had such a leader of integrity and firm independence even politically. In a discussion, he was so fearless and bold and political writings make known his disapproval for actions of suppression and dishonesty. Adams was in an endless clash with the conventional for his unwilling stand to accept anything than the truth. He was uncompromising and straight. He always had his way of giving his zealous supporters a shock as well as his opponents. His intricacy and his beliefs are the very reasons why he is worth studying.
John Adams had a great moment in Congress in 1776 during the summer season. It was on June 10th, 1776, when Congress selected a committee that was to prepare a declaration that would implement several resolutions. Among the resolutions was that the United Colonies had a right to be free and independent states; that they were liberated from all Allegiance to the British Crown. The resolutions also stated that all political links between the United Colonies and the State of Great Britain deserved to be dissolved completely. On July 1st, the same year, Congress put into consideration final arguments on the question of independence. John Dickson had a powerful argument against independence. However, when Dickson got no response, Adams took into the podium and delivered a fervent but reasoned speech that made the assembly to vote in favor of independence.
It has been noted that Adams’ speech was so powerful in both expression and thoughts. As a result, it moved the assembly members from their seats as Adams was the Colossus on the floor of the house. Chief to Adams’ political philosophy is his distinction between principles of political design and principles of liberty. Principles of political liberty relate to questions of political right while political design relates to the design of the constitution. The sequence of events of Adams’ writings during the Revolutionary period is a clear indication of the distinction. Before 1776, Adam had debated with American Loyalists as well as imperial officials over the principles of justice and the nature of rights. After Independence, Adam turned to the mission of designing as well as making constitutions.
John Adams had a great influence on the aftermath of the American Revolution. He devoted his life and property not to forget his revered honor to the cause of liberty and the building of a republican government in America. Adams had a force in intellectual, wisdom in his political vision and honesty in his moral character that was evident and undeniable. From the start of his public political career to the end of the same Adams acted on principle. He had a deep love for the country. In his later years, he lamented that monuments, statutes, and Mausoleums would not be built for him. Panegyrical ardors should not be written nor cheering proclamations spoken to transfer him to posterity in brilliant colors. Adams was such a selfless leader such that even after playing a significant role in the American Revolution, he did not need recognition. To date, no statues have been erected in honor of Adams, nor are there portraits of his life in brilliant colors.
It is important to note that the Revolution was a separate event from war. However, as promised, Congress reunited in Philadelphia as the Second Continental Congress on May 10th, 1775. By then, the had already initiated. The British army in Boston had met with armed opposition on the morning of April 19th, 1775, when it streamed out to the towns of to grab a supply of weaponries detained by colonial Patriots who had stopped recognizing the power of the imperial regime of Massachusetts.
In conclusion, the era of the American Revolution was the most creative as well as the momentous era in constitutionalism in modern Western history. It is clear that John Adams played a significant role in the Revolution. As a matter of fact, not a single study of the American Revolution can be considered complete without provoking the political ideas of John Adams. During his retirement years, he was known to say that the War for Independence was a result of the American Revolution. The actual Revolution had indeed taken part in the hearts as well as the minds of the colonialists. It is thus undeniable that John Adams played a key role in the American Revolution. As such, he is a leader who deserved an accolade for his love for his country as well as the great accomplishment and achievements in the American Revolution.
Adams, John. The Revolutionary Writings of John Adams. Liberty Fund, 2012.
Franklin, Slavery, Samuel Adams, King George III, Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Paine, George Washington, Abigail Adams, et al. “The American Revolution.” The nineteenth century is (2004).
Hutson, James H. John Adams, and the diplomacy of the American Revolution. University Press of Kentucky, 2015.
Ubbelohde, Carl. The Vice-Admiralty Courts and the American Revolution. UNC Press Books, 2012.