Essay title: Barbados
Barbados, situated just east of the Caribbean Sea, is an independent island nation in the western Atlantic Ocean. At roughly 13° North and 59° West, the country lies in the southern Caribbean region, where it is a part of the Lesser Antilles. Its closest island neighbours are St. Vincent and St. Lucia to the west, Grenada to the south-west, and Trinidad and Tobago to the south, with which Barbados now shares a fixed official maritime boundary.
Barbadoss total land area is about 166 square miles, and is primarily low, with some higher regions in the islands interior. The organic composition of Barbados is thought to be of non-volcanic origin and is predominantly composed of limestone-coral. The islands climate is tropical, with constant trade winds off the Atlantic Ocean serving to keep temperatures mild. Some more undeveloped areas of the country contain woodland. Other parts of the interior which contribute to the agriculture industry are dotted with large sugarcane estates and wide, gently sloping pastures, with many good views down to the sea coast.
Barbados has one of the highest standards of living and literacy rates worldwide. Despite its small size, Barbadoss Human Development Index ranking is consistently among the top 50 in the world. For example, in 2006, it was ranked thirty-first in the world, and third in the Americas, behind Canada and the United States.
History of Barbados
The first indigenous people were Amerindians who arrived here from Venezuela around 350 CE. The Arawak people were the second wave of migrants, arriving from South America around 800 CE. Arawak settlements on the island include Stroud Point, Chandler Bay, Saint Lukes Gully and Mapps Cave. According to accounts by descendants of the aboriginal Arawak tribes on other local islands, the original name for Barbados was