Paper on AccountabilityndividualThe Importance of Accountability PaperWrite a 700- to 1,050-word paper addressing the following questions:• Why is accountability important in the health care industry?• How is an employee’s accountability measured in the health care industry?• What does a checks-and-balance process look like in a successful organization?• How does accountability affect an organization’s working culture?• How can you maintain a positive working culture and avoid a working culture of blame?Cite a minimum of four references.Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.IntroductionIn general sense, we take accountability as a general responsibility of someone for something or some activity. It means that a person is responsible for some duty or for something and if that job is not properly done then that person will be held responsible for the faults in that particular job. Responsibility and accountability can be sometimes used interchangeably. So it’s accepting the consequences of your actions.

Importance of accountability in health care settingsAccountability is a very important part of the health care industry. In recent times, its importance has grown enormously. Accountability in health care covers the procedures and the processes which are used by one party to take on the responsibility of their actions for the purpose of achieving the goals of an organization (Emanuel & Emanuel, 1996). Health care services providers constantly make efforts to improve the quality and efficiency of the health care organization and services. They make use of performance management systems and quality improvement methods in efforts to improve the level of customer satisfaction.

The major reason for the importance of accountability in health care setting is to provide the patient with an improved and quality care services and to provide a real value for the money the patient is spending on the health care services (Rathwell & Persaud,2002). The overuse, misuse and underuse of the available resources can be controlled to a certain extent by increasing the accountability of the employees. This may also reduce the cost of the payers incurred on health services. Accountability also helps to reduce the practices of inappropriate care by increasing the usage of evidence based medicines and performance measurements ( Adler, Riley,,2003). In addition to this accountability promotes the improvement of health care outcomes and the practices

The effectiveness of care delivery through effective health care systems, on a health care quality, as a value (Cote, 1996)[3] can be understood through a holistic design, which also supports the utilization of the resources and by reducing inefficient care (Perez, et al. 2003). The patient should be encouraged to participate in the community to improve their health [4]. However, despite the benefits achieved, implementation may be a challenge in areas such as health care planning, health care management, management and decision-making [5]–[7] (Meehan & Dehaan, 1998)[8] and by the lack of a consensus on the best way to deliver good health care to the population (P. J. Gerson, 2001)[9]–[11] (Yamet et al. 2004)[12]–[15] (Rathwell & Persaud,2002).[3]

4.2.3. Medical/Lifestyle Therapies

A recent review[16] of current and potential approaches to interventions related to weight loss management revealed that some approaches had negative consequences in the patients. In addition, some potential clinical and policy implications of existing interventions were not understood. An extensive retrospective and large-scale systematic review conducted in 12 populations [17]–[19] (n=32,841) reviewed the effectiveness, safety and efficacy of over 40 interventions. No interventions were evaluated as safe or effective, although an effective dose-response strategy was proposed at baseline to determine the appropriate dose and duration for patients who underwent weight loss treatment during the trial.

This review highlighted important aspects of the current approach, which may help to improve the quality of care at individual level and in population. While the overall cost of the trial was assessed in five health care settings (hospital, clinic, primary care, intensive care unit, and community) as assessed by patient-reported cost, the cost of any other intervention might be substantially higher. This might lead to higher cost for the intervention, increasing patient care and delay in achieving the desired outcomes. The costs of these interventions could be significantly higher if a number of strategies, such as intervention duration, were not taken into account.[20]

The main effect of the interventions has been to reduce morbidity and mortality and morbidity was also reduced to a greater extent across all these health care settings when adjusted for possible negative consequences (e.g., increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome). The effects might also be reduced if the interventions differed in cost and duration. Several studies have investigated the effect of low-risk and high-risk group interventions on the overall cost of weight loss interventions in adults, especially in the elderly. One review, in which the intervention was presented twice for adults aged 12 to 70 years, found that the intervention cost-cost savings were 4.9 p-fold for low-risk group interventions and 3.9 p-fold for high-risk group interventions. One review, in which the intervention was presented twice for younger adults, found that in the low-risk group and

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