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Region 1 (Ilocos Region)
The region is composed of 116 towns and 9 cities that make up the north-western portion of the Philippines.
Ilocano speakers -66%
Pangasinan speakers – 27%
Tagalogs – 3%
Ilocos Norte (97%)
Ilocos Sur (97%)
La Union (92%)
Hardworking (engaged in farming and fishing)
Family: Ilocano family conforms to the general Filipino pattern.
Father- head of the family
Mother- light of the family
Eldest- divides the chores equally among siblings
The man should ask the consent of his parents first. The grooms parents will pay the dowry and finance the wedding. The groom makes a panagpudno (formal announcement) to the soon-to-be brides parents about his intention of marrying their daughter. His parents will then visit the brides parents to set the wedding date. Usually, parents consult a planetario, which is like an almanac that identifies “lucky” days.
A feast follows the church ceremony. The bride and groom usually go through an entertainment ritual. The groom offers the bride a plate of mung beans, which symbolizes fertility. The bride refuses the dish several times before finally accepting it. Then the bride offers the beans to the groom whom, in return, refuses the dish until an old man calls an end to the ritual.
Another highlight of the feast is the bitor wherein guests contribute cash to the newlyweds either by dropping money onto the plates or by pinning bills to the couples clothes.
To announce a death of a family member, a piece of atong wood is lit in front of the deceaseds house. It is kept burning until after the burial. The fire is extinguished with white wine.
Before the funeral, relatives pay respect by kissing the deceaseds hands or raising it to his/her forehead (mano). The corpse is kept inside the house. It is dressed in its best clothing and a kerchief is tied around the jaw. A basin of water mixed with vinegar is placed under the bed to remove the odor. Those who attended the burial in the cemetery must return to the deceaseds home by taking a different route from the one theyve taken to get there. Upon arrival, they must wash their faces and hands. It is said to remove the power of death
II. REPORT PROPER
Title: HOW MY BROTHER LEON BROUGHT HOME A WIFE (by Manuel E. Arguilla)
Forelock- a lock of a horses mane that grows forward between the ears
Jolting- to shake up with a bumpy ride
Surmised- to infer without sufficiently conclusive evidence
Bobbed-yto hit lightly and quickly; To move up and down
Yoke- a wooden frame for harnessing together a pair of oxen.