History of the Mojave Desert
Essay title: History of the Mojave Desert
The History of the Mojave desert
What does the name “Mojave” mean?
The Mojaves were a small North American Indian tribe that lived in the same
area as what’s now called the Mojave desert. They spoke a Yuman dialect and were
friends with all the other Indian groups on that land. The other native tribes in the Mojave
were called Piutes and Chemehuevi. They didn’t have a formal government . They had
common Indian rituals and beliefs. An example is that they believed that dreams were
meaningful to one’s life. When a Mojave Indian would die, the tribe would cremate that
body and burn all of his or her’s property. There are now approximately 2,000 Mojave
Indians remaining in the Colorado River Reservation.
What is a desert?
It’s not necessary for a place to be extremely hot to be considered a desert. The
frozen arctic is also officially a desert. Desert land must have an average of ten inches of
rain or less per year. There are additional minor details but for the most part if a part of
land gets less than 10 inches of precipitation, whether it be rain or snow, it’s called a
desert. Deserts similar to valley and mountain areas will have a drastic change in
temperature from day to night. The temperature lows on summer mornings may be 70
degrees but quickly jump to 110 degrees in a matter of eight hours. This is due to the
desert soil being able to absorb the solar radiation from the sun. There isn’t any humidity
or vegetation to deflect the sun’s rays away from just the soil. Then during the night, the
heat which has been collected during the day is released and re-radiated back to the
The mountains surrounding the Mojave are the San Gabriel, Techachapi, San
Bernardino, and San Jacinto ranges. These mountains cause the desert to become dry.
A seabreeze carries moisture from the Pacific Ocean inland. But it’s not able to get past
those tall mountains. Therefore, places west of the mountains stay mild and damp
whereas anything east of the mountains is kept hot and dry. The mountains also play
another factor in the Mojave desert’s climate. They cause the daily afternoon winds in
the Mojave. Air movement causes many duststorms which can sometimes turn serious
and leave a huge mess.
General Information about the desert
Many people may think that the two most popular California desert cities, Death
Valley and Palm Springs, are part of the Mojave desert. But surprisingly that’s not the
case. They’re located very close to the outskirts of the Mojave but not officially in that
desert. The largest city that’s in the Mojave is called Kelso. It was made popular in 1906
because it was close to the railroad that connected the large cities of Los Angeles,
California and Salt Lake City, Utah. (3) Kelso is one of the few places in the desert that’s
accessible to clean water sources. So it became a stopping point. 100 years later and
it’s still a popular desert spot. Kelso also has the Kelso Dunes. It’s 45 miles of sand
dunes; which makes them the most extensive dune field in the western United States.
Some of those dunes have a height that exceeds 700 feet. The only freeway that runs
through the desert is Interstate 40, which runs all the way through Arizona. The freeway
that’s most used by Southern Californian’s to

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History Of The Mojave Desert And Air Movement Causes. (April 3, 2021). Retrieved from https://www.freeessays.education/history-of-the-mojave-desert-and-air-movement-causes-essay/