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Buddhism was founded by the Indian price Siddhartha at age 35 he became known as the Buddha; the enlighten one. One fundamental belief of Buddhism if often referred to as reincarnation-the concept that people are reborn after dying. Most people go through many cycles of birth, living, death and rebirth. The three trainings or practices of Buddhism are: Sila, Samadhi, and Prajna.
-Sila: Virtue, good conduct and morality. Which is based on two principles, the principle of equality; that all living things are equal and the principle of reciprocity; to do onto others as you would wish them do onto you which is also the golden rule in Christianity.
-Samadhi: Concentration, meditation and mental development. Developing one’s mind is the path to wisdom which in turn leads to personal freedom.
-Prajna: Discernment, insight, wisdom and enlightenment. Wisdom will emerge if your mind is pure and calm.
The Four Noble Truths:
Dukkha: the truth of suffering. The Buddha explained that birth is suffering, aging is suffering, death is suffering, and death is suffering, sorrow, pain, grief, and despair are suffering. The first truth is that humans’ existence is characterized by unsatisfactory, which is the meaning of the word Dukkha.
Tanha’: the truth that suffering is caused by craving. The Buddha taught the five ascetics that craving is the origin of suffering, for craving, together with lust and greed.
Nirodha: the truth that cessation of suffering is possible.
And the fourth truth is the Eightfold path leading to the extinction of suffering.
Hinduism is a religion originating in the Indian subcontinent, based on the Vedas, and one of the oldest religious traditions still practiced today. Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world with about 970 million believers, and approximately 900 million of them live in India. The Hindu faiths and practices have evolved from the Vedic tradition and from the beliefs of the other Indian people.
Common beliefs in Hinduism are:
Dharma; individual ethics, duties and obligations
Karma; actions leading to a cause and effect relationship
A major aspect of Hindu religion is the four objectives of life which all people seek they are: Karma (pleasure), Artha (wealth), Dharma (righteousness), and Moksha (spiritual liberation)
Judaism is one of three Abramic religions – faiths which recognize Abraham as a Patriarch. The others are Christianity and Islam. Although Jews comprise only about 0.2% of the human race, Jewish influence on the world has been vast. Judaism has about 15 million believers. It is one of the first recorded monotheistic faiths, and it is one of the oldest religions still practiced today. The Jewish belief is that the God who created the world established an agreement with the Jewish people and revealed his laws and commandments to them in the Torah. Judaism is all about the study and observations of the laws and commandments in the Torah.
Islam is a monotheistic religion based on the Qur’an. With about 1.2-1.6 billion believers, it is the world’s second-largest religion. Followers of Islam are known as Muslims. Muslims believe that God revealed his work to the people through many earlier prophets, and that Muhammad was the last prophet. The basic words of Islam is found in the shahadatan(two testimonies) “There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah”. A person who truly believes that is considered a Muslim.
The six articles of belief are:
-Belief in God.
-Belief in the Angels
-Belief in the books sent by god
The Scrolls of Abraham
The Tawrat sent to Moses
The Zabur sent to David
The Injil sent to Jesus
The Qur’an sent to Muhammad
-Belief in all the prophets and messengers sent by god
-Belief in the Day of Judgment and in life after death, heaven and hell
-Belief in Fate.
The Five Pillars of Islam: