“chinatown” as Film Noir
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“Chinatown” as Film Noir
Films that are classified as being in the film noir genre all share some basic characteristics. There is generally a voice-over throughout the film in order to guide the audiences perceptions. These movies also involve a crime and a detective who is trying to figure out the truth in the situation. This detective usually encounters a femme fatale who seduces him. However, the most distinctive feature of the film noir genre is the abundance of darkness.
Roman Polanskis 1974 film, “Chinatown”, revolutionized the film noir genre. Aside from the absence
of voice-over, the film shares all the same characteristics with earlier noirs. That is, of course, except for the fact that “Chinatown” is filmed in color. Because of this, it is more difficult upon the first viewing to immediately classify the movie to this genre. In movies such as “Double Indemnity” even scenes that take place during the daytime are dark, and since it is a black and white film, this is easy to do. However, in a film with color it is much harder to create this dark effect, especially in scenes that are filmed outdoors. Polanski makes references to symbols that remind the audience that although “Chinatown” is in color, it still belongs in the genre. For example, one of the first lines in the movie is, “I just had [the venetian blinds] installed on Wednesday.” Venetian blinds are often seen in the genre, and the reference immediately makes the connection between this neo-noir and older films. Also, the first things the audience sees when the film begins are dark, black and white photographs. They take up the entire screen, so for the first minute or so of the film, the audience does not realize that they are, in fact, photographs that detectives are examining. The darkness of the photographs also references the genre. It is as if Polanski is immediately trying to convey to the audience that regardless of the fact that it is a color film, it is still a film noir.
While the film is in color, sometimes it appears to be in black and white. There are no bright colors in the film. Most of the colors are either browns, beiges, whites, blacks, and grays, so that even when the characters are outside or in daylight, there are contrasts between lights and darks. For example, at the beginning Mr. Gettes is seated in a somewhat dark office, yet he is wearing an all-white suit. Later, when he goes to examine the dried up river bed, his black suit contrasts with the bright sunlight and light colored sand.
Also, the makeup used on the women in the film is not bright or colorful. One might expect for the femme fatale to wear red lipstick or some type of makeup that makes her look more michevious. However, Mrs. Mulwray does not appear to be wearing much makeup throughout the film. Her lips are a brownish color and the same for her eyes. Her hair is brown as well. This makes it more difficult to realize