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Throughout Homers epic work, The Odyssey, Odysseus encounters temptations of beautiful women and the promise of immortality. Under the price of having to sacrifice his manhood, Odysseus is willing to abandon his homeland, one of the ways in which manhood was defined in the ancient world, to live in eternal bliss. Calypso, Circe, and the Sirens are all examples of the beautiful women whom Odysseus must face and overcome in order to return to his native land. Although each temptress implores different methods of enticement, a common goal of detaining Odysseus from returning home is prevalent; however through failing efforts and intervention of the gods, the constant prodding of Odysseus crew, or prior knowledge of the situation, Odysseus prevails over the enchantresses temptations, allowing Odysseus to return to his homeland, once again regaining his identity as a man.

The episode involving the beautiful nymph, Calypso, relies on the intervention of the gods to rescue Odysseus from her enticing actions. With divine power on his side, Odysseus gains the right to return home and regain his identity as a man and as a leader. For seven years, Calypso has lured Odysseus to “lay with her each night, for she compelled him” (V. 164). Using her beauty while possessing hopes of making Odysseus her husband, the enchantress becomes overly distressed when the gods announce that she must release Odysseus and permit him to return to his homeland. Reluctant to let him go, Calypso promises Odysseus immortal life if he chooses to stay with her.

Without the divine intervention, Calypso would have continued to hold Odysseus captive on her island. The gods, instructing the beautiful nymph to release him, possess power to demand her, the power that Calypso cannot challenge. Although Calypso attempts to convince Odysseus to stay, with visions of regaining his identity in sight, he declines her offer of immortal life and chooses to leave the island.

When Odysseus and his crew reach Circes island, Hermes is quick to warn Odysseus against this enchantress powers. Cautioning Odysseus against Circes enchanted cup, Hermes gives him a magical plant that will counteract the affects of her magic:

Your cup with numbing drops of night
and evil, stilled of all remorse,
she will infuse to charm your sight;
but this great herb with holy force
will keep your mind and senses clear (X.316-319).
Upon receiving the forewarning and the magic plant, Odysseus is able to inhibit Circes power and is not turned into a pig like the rest of his crew; however, realizing that she is unable to conquer Odysseus through her magic and luring him with her seductiveness, Circe tempts him into her bed.

Also, after a year of feasting, Odysseus eager crew prods their captain to leave the island, asking him to “shake off this trance,” the spell that Circe possesses over him (X.508). Having lost the vision of returning home, Odysseus has acted as the charming temptress lover for the past year. Upon the crew asking him to leave, Odysseus wishes to spend one more night with

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Divine Power And Intervention Of The Gods. (April 3, 2021). Retrieved from https://www.freeessays.education/divine-power-and-intervention-of-the-gods-essay/