Eurasian Rulers Of 1500 To 1800
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Eurasian Rulers of 1500 to 1800
In the time from 1500ad to 1800ad there were a few countries with powerful leaders. Spain, France, England, Russia and a few smaller countries of central Europe. They may not be well known but they were there.
Phillip II was the ruler of Spain. He lived from 1527 to 1598. Because he was the defender of Catholicism he was the most powerful ruler in Europe at the time. Phillip demanded reports from his advisers and would conduct discussions in his office.
His empire went across the world and used it aggressively. When the pope wanted to stop the Muslims of Ottoman in 1571 Phillip sent his army like a true crusader. His army was huge 50,000 solders. Thanks to all the gold and silver brought to Phillip he could afford such a powerful army. Phillip inherited Spain, the Spanish Netherlands and the American colonies from his dad Ferdinand. Ferdinand got his stuff from Charles V, who happened to be his brother. Charles divided his empire of Spain after being at war with Germany and the Turks.
Henry IV ruler of France got into power after his dad Henry of Navarre and his brothers died. Henry IV gave up Protestantism and became a Catholic. He devoted his time in rebuilding France after the Huguenots and the Catholics fought eight spiritual wars. Henrys son Louis XIII was a weak leader so he got help from Cardinal Richelieu. Richelieu was the leader of the Catholics in France and made sure no one would cross him. He forbade walls around cities so no one could rebel against the king. He worried of Hapsburg gaining power so he involved France in the Thirty Year War. Louis XIV became king in 1643 and was Richelieus successor. He tried to keep France strong and keep it from rebellions.
Maria Theresa became ruler of all the Hapsburg territories. She got into power from her father who was Charles VI. He spent most of his time in power trying to get his daughter in power. Maria was enemies with Prussia but was only granted a peaceful reign. She got England and people from hungry to help out with the fight against Prussia. She later joined France against England. This started the 7 year war. She did care about her presents well being and argued the peasantry must be able to sustain itself, Frederick the Great was the Great Elector of Brandenburg and realized that in order to insure safety of your country you must have a strong military. So he became an absolute ruler and built a force of 80,000 men. To pay for the army, he introduced permanent taxation.