The Civil Rights Act of 1964 Is Made up of Eleven Titles
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During the middle part of the twentieth century there was a great amount of tension between different races taking place in the United States. This tension had been mounting from all the way back to slavery, and as time went on slavery was abolished but there was still a very real amount of segregation that took place in numerous states, especially the south. As civil rights movements around the entire nation took place the tides started to turn for the general public. Everyone started taking note of everything that was happening, and that was no exception for the government. After years of court cases dealing with everything from race to women to students in the educational system, the government enacted the Civil Rights Act of 1964 on July 2, 1964.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is made up of eleven titles, all dealing with their own specific issue, although the main focus of the Act is racism and discrimination. Title One addressed voting issues in America and banned numerous discriminatory practices. Title Three stopped public facilities from denying access of anyone due to their race or gender. Title Five was created to expand the Civil Rights Commission that was created just a few years before, as well as add to its powers and rules. All of these played an important role in shaping todays world, but they all just pertain to general life. When looking at The Civil Rights Act of 1964 from a business perspective, there is only one title to focus on, and that is Title Seven.
Title Seven of The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is summed up as protecting the rights of employees in regards to discrimination for reasons including race, color, religion, gender or national origin. Some of the common factors that have been brought up in cases involving this legislation include harassment, sexual harassment, and pay discrimination. One of the big changes that this Act brought on to the business world was the creation of the EEOC, or the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission was created in July of 1965, exactly one year after The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed. The EEOC was put in place to follow up on the rules and regulations that came with Title Seven of the Act and related to the business world. The EEOC has the ability to file claims or suits against companies and employers that have discriminated against employees on the grounds of race or gender, as well as help in making formal judgments in claims regarding discrimination that are brought up against federal agencies. The Commission seats are selected by the President, and the ultimately confirmed by the Senate. The need for the EEOC was noticed almost immediately, as within a decade they already had over 10,000 cases that were backlogged and needed looking into. At that point the President of the United States, Gerald Ford, proposed a $62 million budget to solve the issue. It was later approved,