In the after math of Hurricane Katrina, it was obvious to the public and the world that our response plans were not ready for a disaster of that magnitude. Thousands of people were left without power, food, shelter, and direction. This was unfortunate because we are suppose to be the most sophisticated and advanced country in the world, but yet when a disaster struck in our own backyard, we seemed helpless. So after Katrina there were many changes and modifications to our response plan.
One of the biggest problems during the aftermath was communication; there were so many different groups at different levels doing the same and different things with no coordination between them. The local would be doing one thing while the state was doing another and no knowledge of what the other was doing. So in response the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) set up a Multiple Joint Field Office (JFO). In the event of a Disaster the Secretary of Homeland Security is to designate a JFO weather it be temporary or permanent. The responsibility of the JFO is to provide a place in the disaster area for the federal, state, and local executives to coordinate the recovery process. They coordinate all operations in the disaster area for better execution.
Since coordination was another problem with the response along with communication the DHS went on to clearly identify the roles of the Principal Federal Official (PFO) and Federal Coordinating Officer (FCO). The PFOвЂ™s responsibilities are simply the вЂњday-to-dayвЂќ operations,