Schizophrenia – “split Mind”
Schizophrenia – “split Mind”
Schizophrenia вЂ“ вЂњsplit mindвЂќ
Schizophrenia (in Greek split mind) is marked by delusions, hallucinations, illusions, distorted perceptions of reality, normal verses abnormal, and a вЂњsplitвЂќ between thought and emotion. Schizophrenia troubles one percent of the worldвЂ™s population, making it the most common psychosis. Approximately two million Americans suffer from this illness in one year and roughly half of all the people admitted to mental hospitals are schizophrenic. Many symptoms appear to be related to problems with selective attention. People also find it difficult to focus on one item of information at a time, have no contact with others, and a breakdown of personal habits.
There are four major subtypes of schizophrenia: disorganized, catatonic, paranoid, and undifferentiated. Incoherence, disorganized behavior, bizarre thinking, and inappropriate emotions mark disorganized type. Catatonic type is marked by stupor, rigidity, unresponsiveness, posturing, mutism, and, sometimes agitated, purposeless behavior. Paranoid is marked by a preoccupation with delusions or by frequent auditory hallucinations related to a single theme, especially grandeur or persecution. Lacking the specific features of catatonic, disorganized, and paranoid types mark the undifferentiated type.
There is no known cause of schizophrenia, many diseases result from interplay of genetic, behavioral, and other factors. So this could be the cause of Schizophrenia but it is not yet known. It has long been known that schizophrenia runs in families. People who have a close relative with schizophrenia are more likely to develop the disorder than are people who have no relatives with the illness. It is thought that malnutrition during pregnancy and complications at the time of birth and other events may cause offspring to be more vulnerable. Early psychological trauma, such as those caused by violence, abuse, neglect, separation, death, etc. can also add to the risk. Since schizophrenia may not have a single condition and its causes are not yet known. Current treatment methods are based on both clinical research and experience. Antipsychotic medications have been available since the mid-1950s. These medications reduce the psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia and usually allow the patient to function more effectively and appropriately. Antipsychotic drugs are the best treatment now available, but they do not cure schizophrenia or ensure that there will be no further psychotic episodes. There are also some Psychosocial Treatments such as rehabilitation, individual psychotherapy, family education, and self-help groups.
Lisa is a 30 year old women and mother of four children. She has had some various worries for quite some time, but has not sought professional help. Through out the past few months she has grown unhappy, it has gotten so bad the family doctor suggested she seek psychological help. She has been experiencing repetitive thoughts which have centered on her childrenвЂ™s safety. On one occasion