Essay About Оі-Motoneurones Soma Size And Thoracic Spinal Cord Transection

Rat О±-And Оі-Motoneurones Soma Size and Succinate Dehydrogenase Activity Are Independent of Neuromuscular Activity Level

Join now to read essay Rat О±-And Оі-Motoneurones Soma Size and Succinate Dehydrogenase Activity Are Independent of Neuromuscular Activity Level

ABSTRACT: The chronic level of neuromuscular activity, that is, activation
and loading, strongly influences the morphological, metabolic, phenotypic,
and physiological properties of skeletal muscles. The effects on the innervating
motoneurons, however, are less established. We determined and
compared the effects of 30 days of decreased activity (induced by a complete
mid-thoracic spinal cord transection, ST) or near inactivity (induced by
spinal cord isolation, SI) on the soma size and succinate dehydrogenase
(SDH) activity of motoneurons innervating a predominantly slow ankle extensor
(soleus) and a predominantly fast ankle flexor (tibialis anterior) muscle
of adult rats. Soleus and tibialis anterior motoneuron pools were labeled
retrogradely using nuclear yellow. The – and -motoneurons were classified
based on soma size. Mean number of labeled motoneurons, and mean
soma size and SDH activity for both – and -motoneurons were similar in
control, ST, and SI rats. Compared to previous reports showing significant
decreases in muscle fiber size and adaptations toward a “faster” metabolic
profile following ST and SI, the results indicate that, unlike the muscles they
innervate, the motoneurons are relatively unresponsive to chronic reductions
in neuromuscular activity. The implication of these results is that mean

size and SDH activity are independent of the number of action potentials
generated by both – and -motoneurons and that even the absence of
afferent input to the spinal cord has no influence on size and oxidative
metabolic potential of the motoneuron soma.
Muscle Nerve 36: 234–241, 2007
RAT – AND -MOTONEURON SOMA SIZE AND
SUCCINATE DEHYDROGENASE ACTIVITY ARE
INDEPENDENT OF NEUROMUSCULAR ACTIVITY LEVEL
ROLAND R. ROY, PhD,1 AKIKO MATSUMOTO, MS,2 HUI ZHONG, MD,1
AKIHIKO ISHIHARA, PhD,2 and V. REGGIE EDGERTON, PhD1,3
1 Brain Research Institute, 1320 Gonda Neuroscience and Genetics Building, University of California,
Los Angeles, Box 951761, Los Angeles, California 90095-1761, USA
2 Laboratory of Neurochemistry, Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies,
Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
3 Department of Physiological Science, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA
Accepted 22 March 2007
Mammalian skeletal muscles are highly responsive
to chronic changes in neuromuscular activity levels,
such as changes in activation or mechanical loading
levels and patterns.14,15,37,41 For example, a chronic

Cite this page

Оі-Motoneurones Soma Size And Thoracic Spinal Cord Transection. (June 7, 2021). Retrieved from https://www.freeessays.education/%d0%be%d1%96-motoneurones-soma-size-and-thoracic-spinal-cord-transection-essay/

Related Essays